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Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Physiotherapist and Research Scholar, ESIC Model Hospital & PG Research Institute- ESICPGIMSR (Under Govt of India),Rajaji Nagar, Bangalore and General Secretary of Bangalore Physiotherapist Network (BPN) 2017-2020

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1 Jun 2014

Physiotherapy Definitions and Classifications

                           Physiotherapy Definitions and Classifications

1. World Health Organization (WHO): "Physiotherapists assess, plan and implement rehabilitative programs that improve or restore  human motor functions, maximize movement ability, relieve pain syndromes, and treat or prevent physical challenges associated with injuries, diseases and other impairments. They apply a  broad range of physical therapies and techniques such as movement, ultrasound, heating, laser and other techniques. They may develop and implement programmes for screening and prevention of common physical ailments and disorders"
(Reference: http://www.who.int/hrh/statistics/Health_workers_classification.pdf  )

2. The International Labour Organization (ILO ): Physiotherapists and related associate professionals treat disorders of bones, muscles and parts of the circulatory or the nervous system by manipulative methods, and ultrasound, heating, laser or similar techniques, or apply physiotherapy and related therapies as part of the treatment for the physically disabled, mentally ill or unbalanced. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is the international organization responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards. It is the only 'tripartite' United Nations agency that brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes promoting Decent Work for all.
(Reference: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/isco/isco88/3226.htm )

3. International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) is a tool for organizing jobs into a clearly defined set of groups according to the tasks and duties undertaken in the job.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified physiotherapists in professional group (ISCO Code 2264) and paramedical professionals have been classified in a separate entity (ISCO code 2240).
(Reference: http://www.who.int/hrh/statistics/Health_ workers_classification.pdf)

4. World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) : Physical therapists are qualified and professionally required to: -undertake a comprehensive examination/assessment of the patient/client or needs of a client group -evaluate the findings from the examination/assessment to make clinical judgments regarding patients/clients -formulate a diagnosis, prognosis and plan -provide consultation within their expertise and determine when patients/clients need to be referred to another healthcare professional -implement a physical therapist intervention/treatment programme -determine the outcomes of any interventions/treatments -make recommendations for self-management.
(Reference: http://www.wcpt.org/what-is-physical-therapy)

5. Delhi Council for Physiotherapy & Occupational Therapy Bill 1997 : “Physiotherapy” means physiotherapeutic system of medicine which includes examination, treatment, advice and instructions to any persons preparatory to or for the purpose of or in connection with movement dysfunction, bodily malfunction, physical disorder, disability, healing and pain from trauma and disease, physical and mental conditions using physical agents including exercise, mobilization, manipulation, mechanical and electrotherapy, activity and devices or diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
(Reference: http://delhiassembly.nic.in/aspfile/billspassed/141997.htm)

6. Maharashtra State OTPT Council: "Physiotherapy" means a branch of modern medical science which includes examination, assessment, interpretation, physical diagnosis, planning and execution of treatment and advice to any person for the purpose of preventing, correcting, alleviating and limiting dysfunction, acute and chronic bodily malfunction including life saving measures via chest physiotherapy in the intensive care units, curing physical disorders or disability, promoting physical fitness, facilitating healing and pain relief and treatment of physical and psychosomatic disorders through modulating physiological and physical response using physical agents, activities and devices including exercise, mobilization, manipulations, therapeutic ultrasound, electrical and thermal agents and electrotherapy for diagnosis , treatment and prevention.
(Reference: http://www.msotptcouncil.com/OTPTActs.aspx )

7. Government of India: Quality Council of India ,Survey Report & Recommendations Of Clinical Establishments :The treatment of disease, bodily defects, or bodily weaknesses by physical remedies, as massage, special exercises, etc., rather than by drugs.
(Reference: http://clinicalestablishments.nic.in/WriteReadData/384.pdf Page 11)

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